Genetics 1Refers to the Honeybee Genome Project; the Double Helix; Gene Pools, and Wing Venation
explains the Cell Nucleus; the Chromosome; DNA - the double helix; and the Gene.
refers to the Genotype and Phenotype; the Chromosome Structure; Alleles; and Dominant and Recessive Genes.
is about Crossing Over; and Meiosis.
describes the Reproduction of the honeybee; Sex Alleles; and Pepperpot Brood.
Genetics 6explains the Genetics of the Drone, the Genetics of the Queen and Workers; and Genetic Diversity in the Colony
gives some explanation of SNPs and their use in the discovery of the evolution of Apis mellifera
Genetics 8gives some information on Genetics and Pheromones.
Genetics 9explains how the polypeptide melittin was used to provide evidence on the genetic relationship between
Apis mellifera mellifera and the other three honeybee species.
Genetics 10looks at the geographical distribution of the four honeybee species.
Genetics 11looks at the 4 Groups of Apis mellifera as identified by Prof. F Ruttner
Genetics 12examines the structure of mtDNA and how it is used in bee genetics
Genetics of the honeybee
In the following pages (shown in the drop-down menu above) some aspects of the genetics of the honeybee are explored.
Where possible references to original research articles are given.
summarizes the evidence for the origins of the black bee.
looks at Genetics and Hygenic Behaviour